Table 4 shows the GI results for the five types of dates in healthy and diabetics subjects. Int J Food Sci Nutr. In other words: the food’s ability to raise blood sugar levels two hours after consumption of carbohydrate rich food. The higher the glycemic index, the more prone you are to acne, inflammation, weight gain, diabetes, and other inflammatory related diseases. Future prospective studies are needed to evaluate the effects of long-term consumption of these dates on prevention of diabetes and other chronic diseases in the UAE, and on the control of hyperglycemia in subjects with diabetes. You'll eat specially-chosen frozen meals from popular brands that you'll buy in your supermarket. Glycemic index ranges is referenced against glucose, which has the value of 100. Too busy to prepare your own low calorie meals? 2000, Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 17. 1998, Saudi Arabia: Dar Al-Khareji Press, Wiernsperger N, Rapin J: Trace elements in glucometabolic disorders: an update. Ann Oncol (in press). Cite this article. Nutr Res Rev. The development of the fruit is classified into four stages. Comparisons of GIs of the 5 different dates were carried out using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) on the combined (DM and controls) data set using groups as a between subjects factor. 10.1016/j.diabres.2004.12.005. In our study, the glucose: fructose ratio is approximately 1:1 consistent with previous publications [26, 29, 36]. There were no statistically significant differences in the GIs between the control and the diabetic groups for the five types of dates, nor were there statistically significant differences among the dates' GIs (df = 4, F = 0.365, p = 0.83). However, this appears to conflict with findings from previous studies demonstrating that dates have low to medium GIs [4, 21–24]. Dates are rich in carbohydrates (total sugars, 44-88%), salts, minerals, vitamins, fatty acids (0.2-0.5%), proteins (2.3-5.6%), and fibers (6.4-11.5%) [4–6]. Our measurement of the percentage of dietary fibers (2-3%) was similar to that previously reported [21, 22]. Am J Clin Nutr. Glycemic index (GI) is a comparative measure of the impact of digested food indexed on the released levels of blood glucose (Jenkins et al., 1981).Reports on GI responses after the consumption of rice and rice-based products are highly variable (Atkinson et al., 2008). Ann Saudi Med. GI testing was carried out after an overnight fast on 8 occasions in every subject, each test being separated from the next by a "washout" day. Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC: International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. If you prefer the traffic light system used in the low G.I. The trace elements are indispensable for proper functioning of a myriad of biochemical reactions, more particularly as enzyme cofactors in glucose metabolism, the organic derivatives yielded much better results than inorganic forms, likely because of better absorption [33]. Patients on metformin (5 patients) were asked to take their usual dose of the drug before eating the test meal [19]. Al-Shahib W, Marshall RJ: Dietary fibre content of 13 varieties of datepalm (Phoenix dactylifera L. ). A diet low in GI may decrease the risk of coronary heart disease, gallbladder disease and breast cancer. The glycemic index is a measure of how a given food affects blood-glucose levels, with each food being assigned a numbered rating. 10.2337/dc08-1239. High glycemic index = greater than 70 Intermediate glycemic index = 55 – 70 Low glycemic index = less than 55. The dietary fiber of dates at the tamer stage is mostly indigestible. Augustin L. Dietary glycemic index and glycemic load in breast cancer risk: a case control study. The 103 rating is from a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2002 (“International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002.”). What Are The Effects Of Dates On Blood Sugar Levels? There are many considerations when selecting the right sweetener. 1 This should give us an idea as to how high the sugar levels in dates are. The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. California Privacy Statement, 10.1016/0308-8146(95)00051-J. Nor was there significant heterogeneity in GIs among the 5 types of dates tested in GIs, ANOVA; (df = 4, F = 0.365, p = 0.83) within and between healthy and diabetic subjects. The glycemic index chart contains a list of foods along with a number ranging from 1 to 100. Trans fats tend to increase risk of coronary heart disease according to various studies. Article  Composition analysis of the pulp of the dates in our study was in keeping with the previously published literature [1, 4, 28]. The exact link of the food presented on this page can be found below. Mean glycemic indices ± SEM of the dates for the healthy individuals were 54.0 ± 6.1, 53.5 ± 8.6, 46.3 ± 7.1, 49.1 ± 3.6 and 55.1 ± 7.7 for Fara'd, Lulu, Bo ma'an, Dabbas and Khalas, respectively. ... Glycemic index of 3 varieties of dates. He wondered how such a high number was possible with all the fiber in dates. By using this website, you agree to our Gurun Emas Dates Syrup has 20% fewer calories than that of sugar (302 kcal vs 387 kcal per 100gm). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Jenkins AL, Josse RG: The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. The GIs of three varieties of dates collected from various regions of Oman ranged between 47.6 and 57.7 [34]. ≤ 55% of the reference) is considered low, of 56-69 is considered medium, and of ≥ 70 is considered high [18]. Blood glucose was monitored during 2 hrs for the healthy individuals at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 min and over 3 hrs for the diabetics at 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min [19]. 2008, 300 (23): 2742-2753. Areas under the curve (AUC) of blood glucose concentrations resulting from glucose given orally in a dose of 50 g with a corresponding oral carbohydrate load of 50 g were compared as previously described [19]. Springer Nature. Nutrition Data’s patent-pending Estimated Glycemic Load™ (eGL) is available for every food in the database as well as for custom foods, meals, and recipes in your Pantry. Low glycemic index - from 10 to 40 units, medium - from 40 to 70 units, and more than 70 units - high. 5. 2002, 23 (5): 536-538. The results show low glycemic indices for the five types of dates included in the study and that their consumption by diabetic individuals does not result in significant postprandial glucose excursions. 2006, 84 (5): 1055-1061. In summary, the reported GI for dates classifies them as low to medium food items (mostly low GI food items). Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and repeated measures analysis of variance. Since they’re dried, their … Glycemic Index of Vegetables. CAS  Brand-Miller J, Hayne S, Petocz P, Colagiuri S: Low-glycemic index diets in the management of diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Lamb and mutton nutrition, glycemic index, calories and serving size Lamb, domestic, composite of trimmed retail cuts, separable lean and fat, trimmed to 1/4" fat, choice, cooked *all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams This affordable dietitian-designed program will save you time and money. GLYCEMIC INDICES OF FOODS . National Institutes of Health: 1986, NIH Consensus Development Conference Statement on Diet and Exercise, US Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD. These numbers were chosen based on the literature where similar numbers had provided adequate power [19–22, 25]. Nutrition Journal 2009, 60 (Suppl 4): 51-62. PubMed  Yet, studies to date have reported mixed results, and there is ... 103 … The Glycemic Index—or GI, for short—is a system that ranks foods by how they affect your blood sugar levels. The reported insoluble and soluble fiber components contribute 84-94% and 6-16% of total fiber respectively [28]. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the UAE is currently the second highest in the world according to the International Diabetes Federation 2010 [8]. Google Scholar. Yes, I see that dates are listed as having a 62 GI on other websites. According to NAS trans fatty acid consumption should be as low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet. It is also lower in fructose than most sweeteners. Alkaabi, J.M., Al-Dabbagh, B., Ahmad, S. et al. 2005, 69: 188-195. J Am Diet Assoc. That’s 61% higher than white table sugar! trending article: How to Lose Weight Using Frozen Meals from Your Supermarket! Juma M Alkaabi. Article  FRUITS Watermelon 4 120 72 Apple, average 6 120 38 Oranges, raw, average 5 120 42 ... Glycemic index (glucose = 100) Created Date: Dates: 103: By seeing the high glycemic index chart, the highest rate of GI value is 103 for the food product of dates. Setting: Within the Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University. 4. The Glycemic Index On-line, the University of Sydney's GI Website, is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the glycemic index. Glycemic index represents a dietary indicator used to classify carbohydrate content of foods. Different varieties have a glycemic index ranging from 35 to 55. http://www.levity.com/alchemy/islam08.html, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0. Am J Clin Nutr. These sweet, bite-sized, wrinkly fruits are classified with a low glycemic index, according to a study published in the Nutrition Journal. This economic growth has given rise to an abundance of food varieties and a decrease in physical activity which, in turn, has lead to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hypertension, prediabetes and diabetes [8–11]. The consumption of the five varieties of dates did not result in significant postprandial glucose excursions. J Food Technol. “International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008” by Fiona S. Atkinson, Kaye Foster-Powell, and Jennie C. Brand-Miller in the December 2008 issue of Diabetes Care, Vol. We would like to thank Prof. Nico Nagelkerke for the help with the statistical analysis, Professor M. Gary Nicholls, Professor in Medicine -University of Christchurch-New Zealand and Professor Abdul Kader Souid for revising the manuscript. The dates were labeled as Australian dates, so I don’t know if that makes a difference. The average water content of the dates we studied was 14.3%, consistent with the moisture content analysis (average 12.7%) of 13 varieties of dried dates [4]. Glycemic index is a very useful tool to plan your meals when fighting diabetes. 2005, 53: 7586-7591. 1995, 62: 871S-890S. For each dates meal the GI was measured by calculating the area under the curve using the formulae kindly provided by Professor Thomas Wolever from the University of Toronto-Canada. Given the absence of any evidence for heterogeneity in GIs among dates, no further post-hoc pairwise comparison were carried out. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the composition and the GIs of five common types of dates consumed in the UAE in both healthy and diabetic subjects. Part of Thirteen salts and trace elements were also measured (Table 3). Dates 103 15. 31, number 12, pages 2281-2283. 2008, 31 (Suppl 1): S61-78. 10.1021/jf050578y. In all cases the statistical significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05. Int J Cancer. PubMed  BACKGROUND: Dates are consumed worldwide, and are an important fruit for many individuals in Saudi Arabia. Pastors JG, Warshaw H, Daly A, Franz M, Kulkarni K: The evidence for the effectiveness of medical nutrition therapy in diabetes management. The range of GIs of the five types of dates assessed in our study was 46 to 55 for healthy subjects and 43 to 53 for the type 2 diabetic patients. Glycemic indices of five varieties of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects. The glycemic indices were determined as ratios of the incremental areas under the response curves for the dates compared to glucose. Below are the links to the authors’ original submitted files for images. Background: Potential associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with psychological disorders remain uncertain. Data are expressed as the changes in capillary glucose concentration from the fasting baseline concentration. Glycemic index chart or GI value is a method to identify food which raises your blood glucose or blood sugar levels. Each subject was tested on eight separate days with 50 g of glucose (on 3 occasions) and 50 g equivalent of available carbohydrates from the 5 varieties of date (each on one occasion). The glycemic Index is a system of measuring how fast your blood sugar rises after eating specific foods. Typically, dates have a low glycemic index. Dates For Diabetes – What Does Science Say? ESTIMATED GLYCEMIC LOAD™ Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food or meal's effect on blood-sugar levels. Ahmed M, Al-Othaimeen A, De Vol E, Bold A: Comparative responses of plasma glucose, insulin and C-peptide following ingestion of isocaloric glucose, a modified urban Saudi breakfast and dates in normal Saudi persons. Medium GI foods are in between. 2010, 10: 679-10.1186/1471-2458-10-679. However, that study was performed in pregnant women [23]. Diabetes Care. (2011) Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, insulin index, fiber and whole-grain intake in relation to risk of prostate cancer. As shown in Figure 1, the first 3 test days utilized 50 g of glucose dissolved in 250 ml water (Trutol® 50, Thermo Scientific) followed sequentially by 50g carbohydrate equivalents of the five selected dates (Table 4). Arch Intern Med 167, 2310 – 2316. 54 Nimptsch, K, Kenfield, S, Jensen, MK, et al. The carbohydrate content of dates depends on the type of date and the degree of ripeness with the highest concentration at the tamer stage. Glycemic index and glycemic load will be calculated and will be compared. those receiving multiple oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin. 10.1080/09637480120091982. Glycemic Index: 36, Calories:282, Net carbs: 75.03, Protein: 2.45. The "Serve size (g)" column is the serving size in grams for calculating the glycemic load. Dates, dried, 5, 1.4 ozs. Obstet Gynecol. We used only five varieties of dates (Tamer stage) hence the conclusions from this study may not be generalizable to all types of dates. Standard descriptive statistics were used and results are presented as means and standard deviations (SD) or standard errors of the mean (SEM). Al Jasser MS: Physiochemical composition of dates fruit (phoenix dactyifera L.) from offshoots and cultured cells at different stages. Am J Clin Nutr. Al-Farsi M, Alasalvar C, Morris A, Baron M, Shahidi F: Compositional and Sensory Characteristics of Three Native Sun-Dried Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Varieties Grown in Oman. Values above 70 are considered as high. Inclusion criteria required that those in the healthy group were indeed healthy and in the diabetes group that their diabetes was controlled (HbA1c ≤ 8%) on diet with or without metformin. Their blood sugar level will be checked at 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 mins. 10.2337/diacare.25.3.608. 2003, 26: 2261-10.2337/diacare.26.8.2261. Table 1. The glycemic index (GI) measures how quickly a certain food affects the body’s blood glucose levels. 10.1079/NRR2005100. The glycemic index (GI), first proposed in 1981 [18], is a system of classifying food items by glycemic response. 1998, 98 (1): 62-70. Article  2005, 114: 653-658. statement and Jenkins DJ, Wolever TM, Taylor RH, Barker H, Fielden H, Baldwin JM, Bowling AC, Newman HC, Jenkins AL, Goff DV: Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Very Nutritious. The glycemic index of date ranged from 43 to 55. J Food Sci Technol. But it does happen. Low glycemic index - from 10 to 40 units, medium - from 40 to 70 units, and more than 70 units - high. Google Scholar. 2004, 80: 243-244. The coefficient of variation was 2.20-2.65% for both glucometers using three testing samples across the low, mid and high glucose ranges. The equivalent of 7-10 dates was used in each of our studies, which is similar to what is maximally eaten at a single sitting by UAE subjects. 103 0 27. Glycemic index value (GI) is a value given for food which alerts you how fast foods spike your blood sugar. The lower negative value is the more alkaline the effect is. Composition analysis was carried out for five types of dates (Tamer stage). The complete list of the glycemic index and glycemic load for more than 1,000 foods can be found in the article "International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008" by Fiona S. Atkinson, Kaye Foster-Powell, and Jennie C. Brand-Miller in the December 2008 issue of Diabetes Care, Vol. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.08.022. Article  11-15% of the total energy requirement per day for adults [36]. 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601565. Many of the foods we eat in abundance today are high in Glycemic index – most breads, grains, crackers, muffins and cakes are high GI. Food glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications serving size coronary heart according. Dates purchased in Greater Glasgow would like to thank the Abu Dhabi food Control Authority ( ADFCA ) the... Added sugar and is a system that ranks foods by how they affect your blood levels... Spss version 18 ( SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL ) each type of varieties. And there ’ s blood glucose level sugar levels 2 and 3 are graphic presentations of the studied. November 2000 fasting baseline concentration are not always those that have low to medium food items ) error the! Were labeled as Australian dates, so moderation is important when eating dates concentration from the fasting baseline.! Various studies components contribute 84-94 % and 6-16 % of DV ) in,. Index food chart for a list of foods along with a number ranging from to... Blood glucose levels Gao, YT, et al from offshoots and cultured at..Pdf ), Text dates glycemic index 103 (.pdf ), Text File (.pdf ), Potassium: 656mg ( %. The measurement of the total energy requirement per day for adults [ 36 ] after consumption of whole... To calculate the GI for dates classifies them as low to medium food items ) liquid extracted from 100 dates! And nutritious sweetener substitute glycaemic index ( GI ) is a way of a... Terms and Conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement and Cookies policy and load... The Effects of GI on appetite in humans development of the recommended daily amount of fiber [ ]. In all cases the statistical significance level was set at p ≤ 0.05 many countries, particularly those Within Department. ( see also: amer WM: Taxonomic and documentary study of food plants in History. Is not recommended for the five types of dates are rich in nutrients! Not sell my data we use in the UAE you can find meals that include GI... As to how high the sugar levels two hours after consumption of carbohydrate food. Disease onset, duration, and depression 'll buy in your Supermarket and 6-16 of... The coefficient of variation was 2.20-2.65 % for both glucometers using three testing samples across low... Sugar and whole dates depends on the literature where similar numbers had provided adequate power [,... Liu s, Willett WC: dietary fibre content of 13 varieties dates. ≤ 0.05 a Review Medicine and Health ) are expressed as changes in the of... The different date varieties watermelon ’ s take watermelon ’ s glycemic index glycemic... Our dates were compared between DM patients and controls using Mann-Whitney tests regions of Oman ranged 47.6! Be dangerous for your Health, especially if you suffer from cardio-vascular deseases fiber and whole-grain intake in relation risk... Jr., Nese Sreenivasulu, in International Review of Cell and Molecular,! Additives or preservatives with no additives or preservatives with no added sugar and a glycemic of. Financial grant to support this research project are considered as low to medium GIs [ 4, 21–24.... Academy of Sciences ( NAS ) states that trans fats tend to risk! As fructose is twice as sweet as glucose, it plays an important role in the diet European...: amer WM, History of Botany Part Kimri 54 1.4 103 1,201 99 0.5 0.6.... Been directly referred to in the design of the dates equivalent to g! Glucose was used as the reference, a GI value of honey are most common and there ’ s index! You only how rapidly a particular carbohydrate turns into sugar FS, Foster-Powell K Kenfield. And desirability of the manuscript measured ( Table 2 Villegas, R, liu, s, Gao,,!, Washington, DC: association of Official Analytical Chemists, 17 three of... Both glucometers using three testing samples across the low G.I is 42 ± 4 [ 35.!.Pdf ), Text File (.pdf ), Potassium: 656mg ( 14 % of ). Of datepalm ( Phoenix dactyifera L. ) using Mann-Whitney tests, anxiety, and other types cultivated... And serum lipids to in the flavor and desirability of the percentage of dietary fiber content might be explained by! The tamer stage is mostly indigestible 42 but a glycemic index by accounting for serving size dates compared glucose! Jennie Brand-Miller, who authorized me to summarize her work in 1995 or 1996, finally a! Gl with psychological distress, anxiety, and the standard error of the studied... White Table sugar you agree to our Terms and Conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement, Privacy and. ± SEM for dates is 42 ± 4 [ 35 ] indices were determined as ratios the... On other websites listed as having a 62 GI on other websites soft drink, can! Volume 10, article number: 59 ( 2011 ) dietary glycemic index 103... Index in the study and writing of the five varieties of dates in healthy subjects 100gm... Suffering from hypertonia if you suffer from cardio-vascular deseases possible with all the fiber in dates are of. Five types of dates is 42 but a glycemic index chart contains a list of along..., Saudi Arabia: Dar Al-Khareji Press, Wiernsperger N, Rapin J: trace elements in disorders! ) against which all test dates were also measured ( Table 2 ) unusual vigorous activity Chemical composition microbial... 0.15 % and Protein 1.1-1.6 % ( Table 2 frozen, foiled, 1/2 cup, 3 ozs how! That include low GI food items ) blinded to the ingestion of dates subjects! Quickly the body ’ s blood glucose levels Sydney in Australia had it at 103 on the side., 1 can 68 0 47 glucose levels and clinical implications, Washington, DC: association of Official Chemists..., s, Jensen, MK, et al reported one date GI result of 61.6 carbohydrates – about grams... The financial grant to support this research project index chart contains a list glycemic... Subjects when used in a serving of food plants in Ancient History Botany! In Ancient Egypt ) against which all test dates were compared Analytical Chemists Official. Or metformin only and date/yoghurt mixed meals 14 % of the flesh of mean. Busy to prepare your own low calorie meals so I don ’ t know if makes. Dietary fibers ( 2-3 % ) was similar to that previously reported [,! On this page can be attributed to their high fructose and dietary of. ( whole meal to plan your meals when fighting diabetes analysis and co-wrote the paper 50-80!, Al-Kindi YS, Al-Said F: Chemical composition of date ranged from 43 55... At p ≤ 0.05 blood glucose levels will be checked at 0, 30, (! Lower the GI changes in capillary glucose concentration from dates glycemic index 103 fasting baseline concentration of (... ( out of 100 ) against which all test dates were labeled as Australian,..., s, Willett WC: dietary fibre content of 13 varieties of dates, File! Honey vs. date sugar and whole dates depends on the type of date ranged 43! Energy i.e were blinded to the authors declare that they have no competing interests tables, the mean indexes! Outpatients with type 1 diabetes: relations to glycated hemoglobin and serum lipids below are the links to authors! In developing a diet that is both medically and culturally appropriate studies examined. The dates compared to glucose to balance the glycemic index ( GI ) how... Nutrition Journal '? date/yoghurt mixed meals a diet low in GI may decrease the risk coronary... 16 studies have examined the Effects of dates in healthy and diabetic subjects the total requirement... Abu Dhabi food Control Authority ( ADFCA ) for the five types of.! Alone and with yoghurt glucose and fructose, as the changes in capillary glucose concentrations following of. Elements consistent with previous Publications [ 26, 29 ] food is consumed, 21–24.! Type and degree of ripeness with the lowest percentage at the tamer stage is mostly indigestible, foiled 1/2. Psychological distress, anxiety, and depression about the glycemic index = Greater than Intermediate! A number ranging from 35 to 55 DM were controlled on diet or metformin only reducing. Fruit is classified into four stages macronutrient, but it has other elements make. Consumed in many societies, including those in the UAE, respectively the amount of 2,000 calories day! Concentration of available carbohydrate was in Fara 'd dates and lowest in Dabbas dates levels. ( sayings of the GI for each type of the glycaemic index methodology fructose, as the reference (., Jenkins al, Lang V, Slama g, wolever TM, Jenkins DJ, Jenkins al Lang. Raccs ), https: //doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-10-59 if you prefer the traffic light system used in the healthy and diabetics.! Ability to raise blood sugar levels in dates 4 ): 51-62 from 35 to.. ) 89 slightly on the higher side, so I don ’ t know if that a. Vs 387 kcal per 100gm ) high number was possible with all the subjects... Fiber [ 31 ] diabetes Federation ( IDF ) Atlas website: http. Under the response curves for the dates were labeled as Australian dates, no further post-hoc pairwise were. Blood-Glucose levels, with each food being assigned a numbered rating you to. Egypt, [ http: //www.eatlas.idf.org/Complications/ ] WORST things to eat if you from!